40 sf. 339 The plain spring-case
is set off from the bow by a plain cross-moulding. The bow has three
sets of triple mouldings, the central element being beaded, separated
one from another by flutes. The sides of the bow splay out at top and
bottom. At the upper end an extra moulding has been introduced into
the right-hand flute, there being only a slight trace on the left. The
catch-plate is trapezoidal with a small, almost square, hole.
|A Langton Down type brooch
of length 43mm. The brooch has a plain head enclosing an iron
spring and pin. A very flat bow joins the head at a curved cross
rib and is decorated with three groups of triple ribs, the central
rib of each group being knurled. Two cavetto mouldings separate
these three groups of ribs and an extra rib divides the right
hand cavetto moulding for a short distance from the head. The
bow has traces of white metal plating along the ribs and the grooves
which they define, and fans out towards the bottom in typical
Langton Down style. The catch-plate, which extends 19mm up the
length of the bar, has a triangular perforation. Hull's 21B.
1st Century AD.
41 sf. 274 The spring case had
a panel on the front containing lines running obliquely away from the
top of the bow. There is too much damage to see the full form of the
panel. The moulding across the top of the bow is beaded, but the three
triple mouldings down the bow were possibly plain, but there might be
a trace of beading. Only the very top survives.
|The head and the top of the
bow of a large Langton Down brooch. The spring case contains the
remains of a spring of at least ten coils with no evidence of
an axis bar. The wide flat bow is decorated with four flutes between
five ribs, themselves fluted, these flutes showing very faint
traces of black enamel inlay. The outermost ribs are soon lost
as the bow narrows. There is a knurled cross rib at the junction
of the bow and the head, above which, the spring case is decorated
with fine incised lines fanning out from a central point. It is
possible that the area above the incised line decoration was originally
decorated with two and perhaps four ring and pellet features.
The visible evidence is by no means conclusive but there is just
enough of an observable pattern in the corrosion products to be
worthy of note. 30 to 60 AD.
42 sf. 79 The spring-case is plain.
The bow has, beneath a plain cross-moulding, a plain curved surface
into which are set tear-shaped cells for niello. These are arranged
as pairs across the bow with, at the top, four placed to radiate upwards
and each pair here is capped by a peltate cell The catch-plate appears
to have been framed and has a large flange across the top.
| A Langton Down
variant brooch of length 35mm. A spring of eight coils is still
present inside a plain housing. A curved rib separates the head
from the bow which is narrow and triangular in section. The top
of the bow is decorated with four niello or enamel petals, one
surviving, with two double intersecting crescents above. The straight
length of bow is decorated with nine pairs of petals in a chevron
pattern. These are either empty or with decomposed fill. The catch-plate
which begins 15mm from the tip of the bow, is broken, but would
appear to have had a triangular or trapezoidal perforation. These
brooches were a Continental type. Some came to Britain before
43 AD and their use lasted for a few decades afterwards. See
Hattat's IARB No. 271 and Colchester - Hawkes and Hull 1947 pl
XCV108. 1st Century AD.
The beading on Brooch 40 tends to be earlier than the straight-forward
reeding found on Brooch 41, discounting the possibility that there had
been any beading on that, The only place where this can be demonstrated
is in the King Harry Lane cemetery: Beaded - Phase 1, G97.5, G202.8,
G287.5-7, G309.5; Phase2, G255.2, G289.3, G361.4; Phase 3, G68.6, G117.5,
G370.4; Reeded - Phase 1, G71.3-4, G413.3-4; Phase3, G41.3, G47.4, G156.2-4,
G370.5. The difficulty with the report is that there is no guarantee
that faint traces of beading were always represented on the drawings.
Be that as it may, the message is fairly clear, the beaded examples
crowd the earlier parts of the phasing, but the reeding-only group is
best represented in Phase 3. Therefore, the likely dating for Brooch
40 is before 40/45 and for Brooch 41 before 50/55. As for Brooch 42,
there is little to go on other than the presence of a flange across
the top of the catch-plate which, as it occurs on the Nertomarus which
cannot be given an early date on the basis of available dating, should
date to c.25-55/60?