Headstud

19 sf. 273 The axis bar of the hinged pin was housed in a semi-circular projection across the back of the wings, the front of each of which steps up to the bow. On the head are the remains of a cast-on loop. The stud has an annular groove around a small boss. The face of the bow beneath the stud once had a groove down each side and a line of reserved lozenges between two longitudinal cells for enamel, now missing, stopped at the bottom by two cross-mouldings which are separated from the two-part foot-knob by a flute.

At home all over England south of the Dee-Humber line, very few come from further north. The dating is weak: Doncaster, 80-90 (Buckland and Magilton 1985, 88, fig.19,13); Nettleton, Wilts, later 1st into 2nd century (Wedlake 1982, 128, fig.53,61); Worcester residual in an early-mid 3rd century deposit (Mackreth 1992, 75, fig.38,1). Any from 4th century contexts have been omitted. The dating favours the later 1st century into the 2nd. The absence of a strong presence along Hadrian's Wall may show that this variety had largely passed out of use by, say, 125, rather than the marketing by the manufacturers was fallible, after all the spread of examples is far too wide for that to have been the case.


273
A headstud brooch of length 45mm. The brooch had a hinged pin rotating about a copper alloy axis bar held in cast tubular wings. The front of the wings are each decorated with a vertical flute between two ribs. A remnant of a chain loop is moulded on to the head and the ribs either side of the chain loop could perhaps be intended to imitate the swivelling variety. The top of the bow has a moulded headstud with a central button and is hollowed out at the rear of the bow. Below the head stud is a panel decorated with a row of ten solid lozenges having recessed triangles between. These triangles and the recessed ring in the head stud are very shallow and there is no sign of enamel. The flat section bow is in the usual continuous curve ending with two lateral ribs and a deep groove above a deeply moulded foot knob. The catch-plate is largely absent but there is enough of a remnant to indicate that it originally extended 20mm up the bow. Hinged types are generally considered to be later than spring types. They are thought to have appeared around the middle of the 1st century AD, lasting through most of 2nd century. This brooch, moulded all in one, gives the impression of being a cheaper copy.